Thursday, June 23, 2011

History of Tando Allahyar

{{Unreferenced|date=November 2010}}
{{cleanup|date=December 2010}}
{| border="2" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="2" style="margin: 1em 1em 1em 0; background: #f9f9f9; border: 1px #aaa solid; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%;" align="right" style="border: 1em solid white")
|-
| align="center" colspan=2 style="border-bottom:3px solid gray;" | '''Tando Allahyar'''
|-
|[[Province]]
|[[Sindh]] [[Pakistan]]
|-
|[[Entrepreneur|Founder]]
|[[Mir Allahyar Talpur]]
|-
|[[Calling Code]]
|022
|-
|[[Postal Code]]
|70010
|-
|[[Population]]
|550,000 (2010){{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}
|-
| [[Time zone]]
| [[Pakistan Standard Time|PST]] +05:00 ahead of [[GMT]]
|-
|Number of [[town]]s
|19
|-
| [[wikt:administrator|Administrator]]
| [[Mr Hussain Bux Bozdar]]
|}

'''Tando Allahyar''' ([[Urdu language|Urdu]]: ٹنڈو اللہ یار, [[Sindhi language|Sindhi]]: ٽنڊو الهيار) is a town in [[Sindh]], [[Pakistan]]. It is the [[Capital (political)|capital]] of [[Tando Allahyar District]].

== History ==
[[Image:Sindh4.jpg|right|thumb|250px|Tando Allahyar Collage]]
The establishment of Tando Allahyar started with construction of a fort by [[Mir Allahyar Talpur|Mir Allahyar Khan Talpur]] in [[1709]]. The mud / clay fort is located at a distance of 3 kilometers from the current center of the town. This fort was built to look after his territory. A large number of people seeking security and refuge moved to this area under the protection of the Mir; these settlements gave the city a trading boom as well. As it progressed over the next decade this area started to be known as '''Allahyar Jo Tando''' (Allahyar's Town).

The shrine of old Sindhi legendary character of folk wisdom and sufi poet [[Watayu Faqeer]] is also situated in Kuba Shareef near [[Rashidabad]], Tando Allahar.

In 1906 during the [[British Raj]], a [[Railway]] station was established here. This step brought about a revolution in the town increasing its importance as an agro-trading hub. It shaped Tando Allahyar to what it is now. From ''Allahyar Jo Tando'' it became Tando Allahyar.

The [[British Raj]] brought the fort of Mir Allahyar under its official use. (This fort is now known as the ''Kacho Qilo''); however some decorated walls from the times of Mir Allahyar Khan are still present. Since 1933 after the construction of canal, the city of Tando Allahyar turned into an agricultural heaven. Before 1947 the city had large number of [[Hindu]] followers. The [[temple]] of [[Baba Ramdevji]] Rama-Pir was a symbol [[Hindu]]-[[Muslim]] unity and peaceful co-existence. However, after the [[Partition of India|Indian Partition]] a number of [[Hindu]] followers left for [[India]]. The temple still stands tall in the town center attracting hundreds of pilgrims from all around the region.

Today, Tando Allahyar is a bustling urban town burdened under over population; and although ill planning and lack of proper governance over the years has virtually halted the progress, this historic town still has much to offer to its residents and its ever increasing new settlers.many village is connected with city.many trees of mango you can find where you pass this area.best thing of this city is that this is very religious city.very big Markaz of Sunni Hanafi(preacher) where people come on Friday night.There is an old village name is Village '''Khan Muhammad Bozdar''' This village is about 200 hundred years old. This village is still there now there is 52 houses, in this village living only '''Bozdar''' cast no another cast living in this village but unfortunately District Government ovoid that historical village.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}

== Religion ==
The population of Tando Allahyar is predominantly [[Muslim]] with a small [[Hindu]] community. The Muslims follow [[Sunni]] [[Hanafi]] [[fiqh]]mostly mureed of Imam Rabbani ( '''Hazrat Muhammad Ibrahim Jan Sirhindi R.A'''.and Hazrat Sajjan Saein Tahiri R.A. The Muslims are also deeply influenced by [[Sufism]] and there are many [[Sufi]] shrines in the city. Before 1947 the city had large number of [[Hindu]]s. The [[temple]] of [[Baba Ramdevji]] Rama-Pir was a symbol [[Hindu]]-[[Muslim]] co-existence. After the independence of [[Pakistan]] in 1947, majority of [[Hindu]]s migrated to [[India]]. The temple still stands tall in the town center attracting hundreds of pilgrims from all around the region.
There are someold villages by name Village Ghulam Khan Sanjrani, '''Khan Muhammad Bozdar''' and Village Dad Khan Jarwar, that the both villages are about 200 hundred years old. That villages are still there now there are about 52 houses in Village Ghulam Khan Sanjrani & about 500 Houses in Village dad Khan Jarwar, in that villages only sanjrani, '''[[Bozdar]]''', Laghari, Jarwar, Solangi cast live no another cast live in that villages but unfortunately District Government And Provincial Government ovoid in Development Schemes to that historical villages.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}

== Location ==
[[Image:Sinddhii.jpg‎|right|thumb|300px|A [[Bhil]] Nomadic woman working]]

It is located 25.27°'N Latitude and 68.42°'E Longitude. It is 25m North East Of [[Hyderabad (Pakistan)|Hyderabad]] lying at a strategic location between [[Mirpurkhas]] and Hyderabad.

It is connected by a road network connecting Hyderabad with [[Mirpurkhas]]. A Railway link also connects it to rural Sindh and the rest of the country. New city by-passes and roads are being constructed around Tando Allahyar to ease traffic congestion.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}

{| border="2" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="2" style="margin: 1em 1em 1em 0; background: #f9f9f9; border: 1px #aaa solid; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%;" align="center" style="border: 1em solid white"}
|-
!width="225"|Nearby Large Cities
!width="125"|Distance in Kilo Meters
|-
|[[Hyderabad (Pakistan)|Hyderabad]]
|42
|-
|[[Mirpurkhas]]
|35
|-
|[[Karachi]]
|210
|-
|[[Larkana]]
|330
|-
|[[Sukkur]]
|360
|-
|}
|[[Pano Aqil]]
| 400
|-

== Climate ==
Old buildings are still topped by 'badgers' or 'manghu' that look like chimneys on roof tops. They catch the cool breezes which blow steadily in a south-west direction during summer times. Tando Allahyar is hot for most of the year, although in autumn and winter the temperature dips down to around 24 C . In the old sections of the town, buffaloes still roam the streets giving it a distinctly mediaeval atmosphere.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}

{| class="wikitable" style="font-size:90%;width:100%;border:0px;text-align:center;line-height:120%;"
| style="background: #F0F8FF; color: #000080" align="left" height="15" | Climate of Tando Allahyar
| Jan
| Feb
| Mar
| Apr
| May
| Jun
| Jul
| Aug
| Sep
| Oct
| Nov
| Dec
|-
| style="background: #F0F8FF; color:#000080" align="left" |Avg high temperature (in °C)
| style="background: #FFFACD; color:#000000;" | 25
| style="background: #FFFACD; color:#000000;" | 26
| style="background: #FFFFCC; color:#000000;" | 29
| style="background: #FFD800; color:#000000;" | 32
| style="background: #FF8000; color:#000000;" | 40
| style="background: #FF8000; color:#000000;" | 40
| style="background: #FFA812; color:#000000;" | 33
| style="background: #FFD800; color:#000000;" | 31
| style="background: #FFD800; color:#000000;" | 31
| style="background: #FFA812; color:#000000;" | 33
| style="background: #FFD800; color:#000000;" | 31
| style="background: #FFFACD; color:#000000;" | 27
|-
| style="background: #F0F8FF; color:#000080" align="left" height="15;" |Avg low temperature (in °C)
| style="background: #CCCCFF; color: black;" | 13
| style="background: #CCCCFF; color: black;" | 14
| style="background: #F0F8FF; color: black;" | 19
| style="background: #FFFFCC; color: black;" | 23
| style="background: #FFFF99; color: black;" | 26
| style="background: #FFFF99; color: black;" | 28
| style="background: #FFFF99; color: black;" | 27
| style="background: #FFFF99; color: black;" | 26
| style="background: #FFFF99; color: black;" | 25
| style="background: #FFFFCC; color: black;" | 22
| style="background: #F0F8FF; color: black;" | 18
| style="background: #CCCCFF; color: black;" | 15
|}

== Agriculture ==
The Vegetable and Fruit Market located at [[Khuwaja Goth]] Sultanabad supplies 20 to 50 trucks daily to the Karachi Vegetable market, situated at Super Highway.

Bozdarabad (Jarki) is mainly crop of [[Banana]] on Chambar road supply By Suzuki, Datsan, Mazda & Trucks to Hyderabad, Karachi & Lahore.

This area has Mehran sugar mill, Bachani Sugar Mill (is in Progress), and some cotton ginning factories Flour Mills.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}

== Culture ==
The people of Tando Allahyar is great influenced by environment of the Pakistan.Tando Allahyar has a rich traditional Sindhi culture. Men clad themselves with a peculiar style of [[Shalwar Kameez]] having broader bottoms and traditional Sindhi style cap. The women also clad themselves with Shalwar Kameez; however the local peasant women dress up modestly wearing the traditional dress called 'gharara' or 'parro' with bangles all the way up till shoulders.

Apart from this it is gives a look of metropolitan city, in which you will find modest boys having jeans and t-shirts as well as hoods and leather jackets in winters. The peoples are now becoming modest as the western impact is on the way to affect the youngsters of this city.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}

===Languages===
[[Sindhi language|Sindhi]] and [[Urdu]] are the main languages of the town, other languages include Marwari,Siraiki, Balochi and Punjabi as well some [[Dravidian languages]].{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}

== Population Statistics ==
{{As of|2010}} Tando Allahyar (Urban & Rural) population stood at 400,000. Statistics indicate 30% of population consists of immigrants settling here from India during [[Partition of India|partition]] and almost 70% are indigenous [[Sindhi people|Sindhi]]/[[Urdu language|Urdu]] inhabitants (Hindu, Bloch, Panjabi, Pashtoo speaking are in minorities.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}

== Education ==
The literacy rate is impressive in urban areas, but relatively low in rural areas, and quality of education previously below but gradually improving with private schools and specially after the establishment of the welfare city of the sindh 'Rashidabad' in the district. However the local government has taken some positive steps towards improving education standards in town.Subsequently, people are getting more and more awareness about education
many tandoallahyarians are in some of prominent institutions in Pakistan
people are getting more and more awareness about art.many tandoallahyarians are in some of prominent institutions in Pakistan.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}

The Education Institutes Includes the following{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}:
* Iqra Higher Secondary School. (A.R Khanzada, 0321-9244652)
* Al-Mehmood Bright Star Higher Seconday School (A.R Khanzada, 0321-9244652/ Sir Aashiq Hussain Mastoee)
* Eagle House H/S School.
* Kaim Khan Memorial Higher Secondary School.
* Future-Tech Institute of computer Science and Information Technology Qaimabad Tando Allahyar
* SST Public School Rashidabad
* SM Degree College Tando Allahyar
* YK Academy Rashidabad
* Mehran Higher Secondary School.
* Yousuf Academy mukhi para Tando Allahyar.
* Shah Waliullah Higher Secondary School.
* Government primary school at Deh Ghani Khan.
* Government Little Fairies High school.
* Government Secondary Higher school.
* Government Main Sindhi Middle School.
* Aqsa Higher Secondary School
* [[Sachal Sarmast|Sachal]] Public High School.
* Faizan public Higher School.
* Ever Shine Secondary School ( Akil Bhai )
* Government Girls Primary School Dr Muharram Ali Sanjrani
* Government Boys Primary School Dr Muharram Ali Sanjrani
* Government High School Mubarak Jarwar
* Government Darul Ullom High School Tando Allahyar
* Aga khan school sultanabad Distt Tando Allahyar
* Government girls High school sultanabad Distt Tando Allahyar
* Government Boys High school sultanabad Distt Tando Allahyar
* Government Boys High school Paksinghar Distt Tando Allahyar
* Government primary school Molvi M.umer daudani Distt Tando Allahyar
* Government Boys higher secondary school Bahar Khan Mirjat
* Government Boys Primary School Khan Muhammad [[Bozdar]]

== External links ==
* [http://offroadpakistan.com/pictures/thar_2006/sunset_at_tando_allahyar.html Sunset at Tando Allahyar]
* [http://www.travelpost.com/ME/Pakistan/Sindh/Tando_Allahyar/1137114 Demographs of Tando Allahyar.]
* [http://www.lgdsindh.com.pk/population.htm Local Government of Sindh.]

{{Tando Allahyar-Union-Councils}}
{{Coord|25|28|N|68|43|E|region:PK_type:city_source:enwiki-GNS|display=title}}

[[Category:Populated places in Sindh]]
[[Category:Tando Allahyar District]]
Most popular cast of Tano Allahyar is "Kaim Khani Rajput" (Name Hi KaFI hA)
[[ca:Tando Allahyar]]
[[de:Tando Allahyar]]
[[es:Tando Allahyar]]
[[ru:Тандо-Аллах-Яр]]
[[simple:Tando Allahyar]]

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